|Safety Boots and Shoes: Safety Shoes are shoes with some form of an added safety feature such as a steel or composite toe cap or slip resistant soles.
Safety Toe Caps: Protective toe cap fitted to safety footwear.
San Crispino Construction: A type of stitch-down construction. The upper material is flared outward, and wrapped around and under the edge of an extended insole board. The upper is stitched close to the last and cemented to the role.
Sandal: A simple type of shoe construction in which the sole is held on the foot by an open work upper of strips of material.
Seam Sealed: A polyurethane (PU) adhesive tape applied with pressure and heat along the seams to cover the stitch holes and edges for full garment waterproofing.
Seat: The part of the shoe immediately below the heel of the foot.
Semi Chrome Leather: Leather which has been tanned with vegetable tanning and then re-tanned with chromium salts.
Setting: A process of moistening and then drying by heat by which the lasted upper is fixed to the shape of last in a few minutes so that the last can be released for further use.
Shank: A strip of steel, fibre, wood or leather, inserted between the outsole and the insole at the waist to maintain the curvature of the sole and keep the heel from going under.
Shoe: Either of a pair of foot-coverings of leather, plastic, canvas etc., having a sturdy sole.
Shoe Tree: Wooden or Plastic device inserted in shoe when not being worn to help them keep their shape.
Shover: Removable piece of leather or other material attached to a last to add girth at that point only.
Side: One half of the hide cut along the backbone.
Skive: Operation in manufacture where edges of leather are trimmed down so that the edge is thinner than the body of the leather, thus reducing the thickness of seams.
Skiver: Split leather used for linings and socks.
Slip Lasted Construction: Sometime known as California Slip Lasted Construction. The upper is stitched to a sock which serves as an insole. The last is then forced in so that an outsole can be attached.
Slipper: A light loose comfortable indoors shoe.
Sock: A cover of leather or synthetic material cemented to the insole after the shoe is made to hide tacks or stitches and present a clean even appearance.
Sole Leather: Leather used for soles of boots and shoes. Sole leather is generally made from thick hides such as those of buffalo or ox. Generally sole leather is vegetable
Softee Leather: General term used for soft and flexible leather.
Sole Attaching: Process of attaching sole to upper of shoe.
Solvent: General term applied to chemical such as acetone, spirit, MEK, Industrial methylated spirit and many others.
Split Leather: When thick cattle hides are machine split to obtain two layers of leather. The bottom layer is referred to as the split layer. Generally thinner, lighter weight and used in lower-priced shoes or lining.
Sprue: Same as Flash. Occurs in a moulded or
vulcanized shoe. Excess PVC or rubber comes out where mould is
joined has to be trim off.
Stiffener: Usually of leather board or fiberboard, placed between the lining and upper material at the back of the shoe to improve shape retention of the quarters.
Stitch-down Construction: The bottom edge of the upper is folded outward and stitched to the sole or insole.
Straights: Shoes designed without distinction of right and left so that each can be used on either foot.
Suede Leather: Leathers in which the fibers
on the flesh side are cut very short by means of buffing wheels so as to prevent a velvety appearance.
Steel Toe Shoes: Steel Toe Shoes have a steel reinforcement in the toe to protect the foot against falling objects. Steel Toe Shoes also often have steel inserts in their soles to prevent puncture from below.
Shoe Last: The form on which a shoe is constructed - resulting in the inside shape of the shoe. Lasts may be straight, curved or semi-curved. In construction, shoes may be board lasted, slip lasted or
Slip Resistant: Refers to an outsole that is designed to prevent slippage or skidding on most smooth surfaces. Also referred to as non-skid.